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Low speed electric vehicle in Unit Statas
- Oct 17, 2018 -

The "low-speed electric vehicle" is called "neighbor electric vehicle" in the United States. In 1998, the United States incorporated it into the "Federal Vehicle Safety Standard (No. 500). In 2011, the United States established a low-speed vehicle (LSEV) safety standard. Position low-speed cars in a new category of motor vehicles between low-speed golf carts and regular cars.


At present, the United States adopts a "self-certification" system for car safety, that is, the manufacturer first self-declares whether the product meets the Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard (FMVSS), and then the government implements a post-supervision certification system.


In the FMVSS safety law, the second section specifies the passive safety part (FMVSS200 series), and the safety requirements for low-speed electric vehicles are included in this section. Compared with ordinary four-wheeled vehicles, we found that the safety requirements for low-speed electric vehicles are greatly reduced, and the collision protection requirements are exempted, that is, collision tests are not required, only for headrests (FMVSS202) and seats (FMVSS207). Safety components such as seat belts (FMVSS209, 210) maintain lower grade requirements.


At present, there are already 46 states in the United States that have legislated to allow low-speed vehicles to travel freely on certain speed-limited roads. In terms of road rights, most states allow low-speed vehicles to travel on highways with a speed limit of 56km/h, and individual states such as Texas and Alaska to 72km/h, with no restrictions on crossing intersections. Low-speed electric vehicles are not restricted to special lanes.