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One of the world's top 10 producers of lithium batteries for Street Legal Electric Mini Carts is
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One of the world's top 10 producers of lithium batteries for Street Legal Electric Mini Carts is

10. Samsung SDI(now the world's largest lithium battery manufacturer)


Samsung SDI is the largest producer of picture tube in the world. It mainly produces the foundation of DISPLAY field. At present, samsung SDI has become the world's top manufacturer of picture tube and comprehensive DISPLAY.

Samsung horizon (SDI) has factories in Malaysia, Germany, Mexico, Brazil, Hungary and China in addition to its busan, suwon and cheonan plants in South Korea.

Tianjin, shenzhen, dongguan, Shanghai and other factories in China.

Samsung SDI was certified by ISO9001 for the first time among LCD manufacturers, and established a VFD production system of 3 million units per month in 1996.

Samsung SDI will be the world's first plane display field in the 21st century.


By the end of 2009, samsung SDI had 12,000 employees, 1,300 of whom were involved in research and development. Its research and development centers were spread across South Korea, Japan, Russia and other countries, and it also had offices in Taiwan, Germany, Malaysia, India and Vietnam.


Samsung's SDI plans to expand its market share by developing next-generation solar and fuel cell technology, not just for batteries used in existing laptops and IT.


9. Sanyo electric (currently affiliated to panasonic group)


A former director of panasonic founded sanyo in 1947 in an abandoned factory in panasonic.

Now, if the two companies can reach a final deal, sanyo's independence will end with the panasonic deal, which could lead to more factories being abandoned and further consolidation in Japan's electronics industry.


Sanyo's annual sales amount to 2 trillion yen ($20.1 billion) and panasonic's annual sales amount to 9 trillion yen. If panasonic succeeds in acquiring sanyo, it will create Japan's largest electric appliance manufacturer.

The deal is striking in many ways: not only is it a rare direct acquisition in Japan, but it is the first of its kind between a big Japanese electronics manufacturer in recent memory.


Sanyo and panasonic complement each other perfectly in three aspects. First, although some of sanyo's business is new to panasonic, sanyo will benefit from panasonic's financial strength.

Second, panasonic is flush with cash, while sanyo is controlled by financial institutions that want to make money when markets fall.

Third, sanyo and panasonic headquarters in Osaka Japan and very close, the corporate culture conflict will be easy to manage.


"I think it's logical," said Nikko citigroup consumer electronics analyst KotaEzawa.

The main focus is on the lithium battery business, with sanyo currently the world's largest manufacturer of lithium batteries and panasonic in fourth or fifth place. The combination of the two will be the absolute leader in the field that no rival can match.


Sanyo is also a leader in the solar cell industry, but the company has been looking for partners to help it with capital investments, and panasonic has yet to enter the fast-growing sector.

The two companies are direct competitors in white goods and consumer electronics, where sanyo's weak business will be restructured.


Rivals such as Toshiba and NEC will be under pressure to launch similar deals, but analysts believe other big deals will be harder to smooth.

Mr Ezawa argues that big deals like the sanyo and panasonic merger will be the only possible case for some time.

The reason lies in sanyo's unique shareholder structure.

In 2006, sanyo sold preferred shares to sumitomo mitsui banking, daiwa securities and Goldman sachs subsidiaries that converted into about 70 percent of sanyo's common stock.

That means panasonic could simply buy sanyo through an agreement with those shareholders, though it could face corporate governance issues if it doesn't make a public bid for common stock.


But that doesn't apply to other large companies, so consolidation could mean mergers and acquisitions of smaller companies and business unit exchanges between giants.

Pioneer electronics, the easy takeover target, made a big loss and sold a 14 per cent stake to sharp last year.


Among big companies, consolidation is most likely in the mobile division.

Sanyo sold its mobile phone division to kyocera earlier this year.


If panasonic does buy sanyo, it will accelerate the consolidation of the industry, but it is unlikely to trigger a wave of mergers.

"There's too many companies in one industry in one country, but that's not new - that's been the case for more than a decade," Ezawa said.


8. MAXELL(Hitachi group)


As a subsidiary of Hitachi group, since the establishment of Maxell in 1960, Maxell not only became the first company in Japan to develop and produce alkaline batteries, floppy disks and other products, but also provided power equipment for a variety of new products, occupying a leading position in the industry.

These products include the latest portable, single-write dvd-r, repeatable dvd-ram, and other epoch-making multimedia innovations.

We're still moving forward.


As an international enterprise that can meet local needs, maxell's production and sales network is distributed in the United States/Mexico, the United Kingdom/Europe, and China/Malaysia, covering all major markets in the world, and its central agency service network in Japan is also extending outward.


Maxell's dominance of the microbattery market illustrates how the company has improved and successfully leveraged cutting-edge technology.

Example: microcells, which were used primarily to provide watch power, have only recently been widely used in pdas and other fast-growing portable electronic devices.


Meanwhile, the increasing awareness of environmental protection and the increasing demand for environmentally friendly and practical products have prompted Maxell to integrate advanced professional tape coating technology to produce more efficient, more reliable and smaller ionic rechargeable lithium batteries.


7. GS(shallow battery)


Japan Yuasa corporation was founded in 1918, has 90 years of history, is a professional long-term engaged in the research, development and production of battery, guide the development of the global battery, its Yuasa (soup shallow) card battery is famous in the world, not only is he one of Japan's five major battery manufacturers, but also some of the best in the world large battery manufacturer, has more than twenty factories all over the world factory, use the lead quantity accounts for about 11% of the world, the main products are valve control sealed lead-acid batteries, car starter battery, motorcycle battery and lithium battery, and so on, the products sell well all over the world.


6. PEVE(a joint venture between Toyota and panasonic)


PEVE (PanasonicEVEnergy, full name "panasonic ev energy company") is the matsushita electric industrial company and its subsidiaries panasonic battery industry and Toyota established in December 1996, the joint venture company specializing in the production of automotive power battery, then mainly produce automobile lead-acid battery and nickel metal hydride batteries, lithium battery research and development work.

The company has a registered capital of 13 billion yen, with Toyota contributing 60 percent and panasonic contributing 40 percent.

By 2007, PEVE's vehicular power batteries (mainly nickel-metal hydride batteries) had enough capacity to meet the needs of half a million hybrids.


Panasonic's battery industry is also one of the leading companies in the field of lithium batteries, which are mainly used for laptops and mobile phones and mainly supplied to Japan.

In Japan's domestic lithium battery market, sanyo electric, SONY and panasonic ranked third.

Because this issue mainly discusses power lithium battery, this aspect does not elaborate.

After the establishment of PEVE, the task of developing and producing power lithium battery fell to PEVE.


PEVE's main customer is Toyota, which was founded to supply batteries to Toyota hybrids.

Toyota, the world's leader in hybrid technology, has built a legend in the field of hybrid passenger vehicles with the Prius, which has sold more than 1.25m vehicles worldwide since its launch in 1997, accounting for more than 70 per cent of all hybrid car sales.

Toyota sold 430,000 hybrid vehicles worldwide in 2008.

Thanks to the success of the prius, PEVE has also become a major player in the automotive battery business.

According to a research report by cic consultants, the existing market share of hybrid vehicle batteries is 99% of that of nimh, while PEVE holds 85% of that share.

(2) PEVE focuses on the development of ni-mh batteries


Although lithium batteries have become the accepted mainstream of automotive batteries in the future, Toyota and panasonic believe nickel-metal hydride batteries will still dominate the market in recent years.

Toyota and panasonic decided to continue expanding their ni-mh battery capacity to maximize the benefits of mature ni-mh battery technology while lithium-ion batteries are not yet mass-produced and capable of being replaced.

On May 23, 2008, according to the Japan economic news, PEVE decided to build a new factory in ni-mh batteries in ni-mh prefecture.

The new plant, with an investment of about 30 billion yen ($286 million), is expected to go into operation in 2011 and can produce about 300,000 vehicle nimh batteries a year.

At the same time, PEVE also plans to strengthen the capacity of nimh batteries at existing plants in shizuoka.

As a result, PEVE's nimh battery capacity will reach 1 million by 2011, doubling from 2007.

By then, the production cost of nimh batteries will be further reduced, which will continue to lower the price of Toyota hybrids, which currently cost about 400,000 to 500,000 yen more than ordinary cars, thus establishing an overwhelming advantage for such eco-friendly models.


In lithium-ion batteries, Toyota and panasonic have done nothing but press on.

On May 23, 2008, according to "Japanese economic news" report, PEVE decided in shizuoka west lake city investment in new production of the next generation of automotive power lithium battery factory, hope to can produce 2009 next generation power lithium batteries, expect the new factory building and static nimh batteries of old factory production expansion, a total investment of about 70 billion yen.

The plans appear to be working well: the lithium-ion version of Toyota's prius, launched in May 2009, USES a lithium battery made by PEVE.


(3) PEVE's power lithium battery technology


In terms of lithium battery development and testing, Toyota launched the third-generation prius in May 2009. Although the prius for the Japanese market is still equipped with nickel-metal hydride battery, the prius for the north American market is a PHEV equipped with the new power lithium battery developed by PEVE.

Toyota plans to ship the first 500 vehicles on lease for use by U.S. consumers, then collect problems in use and make improvements.

Toyota focuses on the stability and endurance of these newly developed lithium-ion batteries in real use to improve existing hybrids and develop a mass-produced version of pure electric power.


The lithium-ion version of the prius is likely to be the fourth model to be rolled out in the next two to three years. Toyota and PEVE did not elaborate on the figures for the PHEV lithium-ion battery, saying only that it is expected to run between 19km and 30km in a pure electric drive.

That is a far cry from gm's Chevrolet Volt.

Gm says the Volt can travel about 60km on pure electric power.

At that price, Toyota expects a lithium-ion version of the prius to sell for as much as $48,000, considerably more than gm's Volt ($40,000) estimate.


On July 7, 2009, the nikkei business daily reported that Toyota will start mass production of a PHEV from 2012, which is powered by a lithium battery, and the battery capacity will more than double. When fully charged, it can travel between 20km and 30km by electric motor alone.

Lithium - electric China, should refer to this car.

The annual output is expected to be 20,000 to 30,000 units in 2012.


Remarkably, Toyota originally announced in 2007 that the third-generation prius would be powered by a lithium battery, and plans to launch it in the fall of 2008.

But in June 2007, the Wall Street journal reported that Toyota's third-generation prius will be delayed until 2009 because of bottlenecks in lithium battery development.

In fact, the prius released in 2009 still comes with a nickel-metal hydride battery, while the lithium-ion version is only a small test case.

Lithium-ion China believes this should be one of the main reasons panasonic bought sanyo electric.

From the reports so far, it is speculated that PEVE's power lithium battery technology is not very mature at the present stage, which is far from the power lithium battery technology of LG chemistry.


5. AESC(joint venture between nissan and NEC)


By Nissan (Nissan), NEC (NEC) and NEC east jin joint venture founded by "AutomotiveEnergySupplyCorporation (AESC)".


Compared with existing nickel-metal hydride batteries, the lithium batteries developed by AESC can provide nearly twice the power capacity.

The unique laminated structure also makes the lithium battery module more compact and practical.

At the same time, the manganese metal electrode developed by NEC group has better stability and the sheet structure also contributes to heat dissipation efficiency.

It is reported that in the real vehicle driving experiment, not only the safety of the product has been verified, but also the realization of over 100,000 kilometers (*) of long service life.


4, EnerDel(joint venture between Ener1 and Delphi)


According to people in the industry, EnerDel has had bad luck finding projects, either in the long term or in the long term.

Its batteries are mainly aimed at electric vehicles and energy storage, both of which are still in their early stages of development and difficult to profit!

The company has spent a lot of money on acquisitions and expansion in recent years, as well as spending heavily on capacity expansion, straining its cash flow.

On the other hand, the company's majority shareholder is Russian, with 50% shares, and does not have a pure American heritage, so the support from the U.S. government and business is much lower than that of A123.


Parent company bankruptcy


After fierce competition and the loss of a big customer, Ener1, an American battery manufacturer, filed for chapter 11 bankruptcy protection in a Manhattan court earlier this year and received $185 million in assistance from the department of energy to produce lithium-ion batteries and other batteries for electric vehicles.


Four and a half months ago, U.S. solar startup SolyndraLLC, which received $535 million in government-backed loans, also filed for bankruptcy protection from its creditors.


Republican lawmakers have been critical of whether the Obama administration properly assessed "clean energy" companies before granting government support.


The department of energy gave $185 million in 2009 to the EnerDel unit as part of a government stimulus package to help the country's electric car industry.

EnerDel used $55 million of that, according to court documents.


According to court documents, AlexSorokin, the interim chief executive officer of Ener1, said the company faced increased competition from other battery manufacturers, such as ToyotaMotor and its Chinese and south Korean rivals, which have lower production costs.


AlexSorokin said it was damaged by the June 2011 bankruptcy of Norway's ThinkGlobal, a major customer, which led to the planned restatement of financial statements by Ener1, and consumers' slower-than-expected acceptance of electric vehicles.


Ener1 was delisted from the nasdaq stock market in 2011 because of the financial crisis and a prolonged slump in its stock price.


The failure of ENER1, a former giant battery factory that received $118 million in August 2009 as part of a government stimulus package to help the electric car industry.

It seems Ener1 has had a successful start.

At that time, it reached a battery supply deal with Norwegian electric car maker Think, and Ener1 also invested in Think.

In May 2010, Ener1 announced it would supply batteries for Volvo's all-electric vehicles, which will go into production in 2013.

In January 2011, Ener1 signed an agreement with wanxiang group to form a joint venture to manufacture batteries in China.


But starting in June 2011, as Think filed for bankruptcy in Norway, the prospect of Ener1 began to fade.

Ener1 needs to deduct $73 million from its earnings.

Is this the main reason for the downfall of Ener1?

The slump in demand for electric vehicles is actually the main cause.

"" the lower-than-expected penetration of electric passenger vehicles has led to low demand for lithium batteries, which has hit our business plan," "the company's CEO said at a news conference.


3. LG chem (the company has CompactPower subsidiary in the United States)


LG chem is part of LG group, one of South Korea's three biggest conglomerates, and one of its most important pillars.

In the half century since its establishment in 1947, LG chem has grown into the largest integrated chemical company in South Korea leading the chemical industry through continuous innovation and research and development activities.

LG chem focuses on petroleum chemistry, information and electronic materials, secondary batteries and other businesses, and vigorously carries out international business activities through dozens of production legal persons, research institutes and marketing organizations at home and abroad.


Under investigation in the United States or the existence of a price monopoly


According to foreign media reports, a spokesman of LG chem said the company is being investigated by the us department of justice for possible price monopoly of its lithium batteries.


The spokesman did not specify when the investigation would begin, but South Korea economic daily, a local newspaper, reported earlier today that the Commerce Department launched investigations into LG chem and samsung SDI as early as the first half of last year.


2. A123 systems co., LTD. (invested by MIT, ge, etc., which has cooperation with mainland group)


A123 systems inc. (nasdaq stock code: AONE) is an American company specializing in the development and production of lithium-ion batteries and energy storage systems. The company offers lithium-ion batteries with high power and energy density, long life and excellent safety performance leading the lithium ion battery market.

Its technology - oriented product areas are the next generation of transportation, power grid and consumer applications.


A123 is headquartered in Waltham, Massachusetts, USA, energy solutions, battery research, development and testing in Massachusetts;

A123's advanced research and government solutions, automotive solutions, materials research was done in Michigan;

There are more than 1 million square meters of production facilities in Missouri, Germany, South Korea, Shanghai and changzhou in China.


A123 was founded in 2001 at MIT. One of its three founders is yet-mingchiang, a Chinese professor of materials science and engineering at MIT. One is RicFulop, a business research consultant at MIT.

When A123 was founded, it had only five employees, only $100,000 in funding from the department of energy's science and technology programs, and only 0.5 grams of material from MIT.

Amazingly, by early 2007, A123's capital had ballooned to $102 million, with more than 250 employees and more than $100 million in orders from Fortune's top 500 companies.


Today, A123 has more than 2,000 employees worldwide.

Nearly $1 billion was invested in capacity building (2009 to 2012), producing millions of cells and hundreds of tons of anode material powder each year.


Financial pressures are crushing the lithium industry giants


Earlier this month, A123Systems said wanxiang, a Chinese auto parts maker, wanted to buy 80 per cent of the company.

A123Systems received $249 million in green technology grants from the U.S. government three years ago.


A123 said wanxiang group plans to invest $450 million in it.


Weak demand for electric and hybrid vehicles in the us has put financial pressure on battery suppliers such as A123.

U.S. electric car battery maker Ener1 filed for bankruptcy protection last January after receiving $185 million in federal grants.


Any deal with wanxiang must be approved by Chinese and U.S. government regulators, said DavidVieau, A123's chief executive.

Vieau told investors on Wednesday that "" reaching an agreement with wanxiang will allow us to align ourselves with a successful global big brand in the automotive and clean tech industry." "


Wanxiang chief executive lu weiding said in a statement that the deal will help the company expand capacity at home and abroad.


Vieau said on Wednesday that its company hoped for good development in the Chinese market.

China's electric and hybrid car market is expanding under government dominance.


A123 said the deal will be completed by the end of the year and a quick cash injection will help it through the coming months.


Wanxiang has an electric car subsidiary in hangzhou, China, and a subsidiary in Elgin, Illinois.

The group supplies auto parts to several large Chinese automakers.

Wanxiang is a large non-state enterprise with annual revenue of more than $13 billion.


A123 has a battery supply contract with Germany's BMW, China's saic motor and U.S. start-up FiskerAutomotive, and will supply batteries to gm's upcoming Chevrolet Spark electric vehicle.


1. Johnsoncontrol-saft (a joint venture between USA JohnsonControls and France Saft)


JohnsonControls,Inc. (nyse: JCI) and Saft (nyse: Saft) have agreed to close their joint venture, johnsoncontrol-saft.

Established in 2006, the joint venture mainly focuses on the development and manufacture of lithium-ion car batteries.

Under the terms of the agreement, JohnsonControls will cash in on Saft's $145 million stake in the company.

The agreement includes an upfront royalty paid by JohnsonControls to Saft to extend the licensing of a certain Saft lithium-ion technology in all markets.

Mr AlexMolinaroli JohnsonControlsPowerSolutions President said: "thank you very much and Saft cooperation this time, I am very glad to solve this matter in the form of mutual benefit."


Mr JohnSearle, chairman of Saft's management committee, said: "we are pleased that this dispute has been resolved quickly and actively and in the interest of our customers, employees and shareholders.

Saft, on the other hand, is no longer responsible for the joint venture's cash and profit and loss.

Saft management is now going all out to find opportunities for our lithium-ion technology in all carefully selected markets."


All legal proceedings between the two companies have ended as the two sides have agreed to end the partnership.


"For JohnsonControls, this agreement further reflects our strategic thinking on the advanced battery industry."

Mr. Molinaroli said, "we will continue to make the most of the progress that has been made in this area and, in addition, we can now extend the full strategic capability around technology, systems, applications and business models."


All of the joint venture's assets will be taken over by JohnsonControls, with only one plant in charente, France, due to be handed over to Saft by the end of 2012.


Upon completion of the transaction, JohnsonControls will operate the company, fulfilling the company's existing contractual agreements and cooperating with customers and suppliers accordingly.


About JohnsonControls:


JohnsonControls serves customers in more than 150 countries and regions worldwide and is a global leader in multiple technologies and industries.

The company's 154,000 employees work together to provide quality products, services and solutions to optimize the energy and operational efficiency of buildings, provide lead-acid vehicle batteries and advanced batteries for hybrid and electric vehicles, and provide interior systems for cars.

JohnsonControls' commitment to sustainability goes back to the first indoor electric thermostat, invented at the company's founding in 1885.

Through the company's development strategy and continuous expansion of market share, we are committed to providing value to shareholders and helping customers succeed.

In 2011, the journal of corporate responsibility ranked JohnsonControls top of its annual list of top 100 corporate citizens.