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The background and significance of developing low-speed electric vehicles
- Aug 25, 2018 -

With the increasing pressure of resources and environment, electric vehicles have become the development direction of future automobile industry.

Although China's electric vehicle industry has made great progress, there is still a certain gap between China's key technologies and overseas automobile giants.

From the current market capacity and technical level of China, low-speed electric vehicles have advantages of good economic performance, energy saving and environmental protection, resource saving, low cost of use and convenient charging. They are the most economical, environmental-friendly and popularizing transportation tools in second and third tier cities, and are the strategic choice for China to realize green transportation.

Active development of low-speed electric vehicles has long-term strategic significance.

From the perspective of reality, low-speed electric vehicles are the best products to promote the industrialization of electric vehicles and open the large-scale consumption market of electric vehicles in China.

In the long run, the core technology of high-end electric vehicles is promoted through the technical upgrade of low-speed electric vehicles.

With the introduction of national policies on energy conservation and new energy vehicle subsidies, the strategic route of China's key support for pure electric vehicles is basically determined.

The current market for sale or is about to enter the market of high-end electric vehicles, pure electric vehicles are basic prices are mostly in 150000 yuan of above, some even reached more than ten thousand yuan, even enjoy state subsidies, but most people still think the price is on the high side, at the same time to worry about charging facilities don't match, and the problem of the range of the battery short lead to enterprise has "announcements" on the pure electric vehicle delays in launching the market, the product of individual listed also can not get the recognition of consumers.

On the contrary, low-speed electric cars are favored by many consumers because of their low price and high quality.

In some cities and towns in shandong, jiangsu, henan, zhejiang and hebei, energy-saving and environment-friendly low-speed pure electric vehicles have formed a certain scale and the number of them keeps increasing day by day.

Because China adopts the public notice management for the entrance of automobile products, the automobile products that do not enter the state notice cannot be sold on the market. Therefore, most electric vehicles produced by low-speed electric vehicle production enterprises cannot enter the "announcement of vehicle production enterprises and products" of the ministry of industry and information technology.

At present, in order to solve the current market situation of high-end and high-priced electric vehicle products without market price, it is more in line with China's reality and more conducive to the popularization and application of electric vehicles to give priority to the development of low-speed electric vehicles on the premise that the current technology level of electric vehicles is effectively utilized and the general direction of development of electric vehicles remains unchanged.

Giving priority to low-speed electric vehicles is in line with China's new energy vehicle strategic planning and will not hinder the development of high-end electric vehicles.

China's automobile market demands are multi-level, and the priority of developing low-speed electric vehicles is a phased strategy.

Currently, the speed limit in most urban areas in China is less than 70 km/h. In the future, car demand will account for 2/3 of the market, and 90 million vehicles will be needed.

Low-speed electric vehicles cost 10,000 to 50,000 yuan, travel at a speed of 50-60 km/h, and can travel 100-150 km on a single charge. The optimized design of li-ion electric low-speed electric vehicles can travel about 300 km on a single charge.

The total cost of low-speed electric vehicles is less than 1/4 of that of traditional vehicles, which has strong vitality and broad market development prospects.

The development of low-speed electric vehicles is the only way to reduce the dependence on oil and solve the contradiction between the rapidly growing energy demand and the limited petroleum resources.

In recent years, China's auto market has developed rapidly and become the world's largest auto market.

According to the current growth rate and fuel consumption level, China will have 150 million cars by 2020. If all fossil energy is used, the annual oil consumption will reach 250 million tons, accounting for about 55% of China's total oil consumption by that time.

Therefore, vigorously developing low-speed electric vehicles, which are the most popular, is an important measure to alleviate China's oil shortage and reduce the dependence of oil on foreign countries.

Energy conservation and emission reduction are important measures to implement the scientific concept of development and build a harmonious society.

Urban vehicle emissions accounted for more than 65 percent of total urban pollution.

In terms of efficiency, the energy conversion efficiency of traditional vehicles is only 17%, while the efficiency of electric vehicles is 90%. Even taking into account the efficiency loss of coal-fired power generation, the total efficiency of electric vehicles is more than 30%, which is about twice that of traditional vehicles. The energy-saving effect is very obvious.

80 percent of low-speed electric vehicles are used during daytime and night charging, which can balance the power grid.

Actively developing economically feasible, technically feasible, energy-saving and environmentally friendly low-speed electric vehicles is a long-term measure to reduce carbon emissions and improve urban air quality.