For a long time, all parties have been disputing the problem of low-speed 4 Seater Battery Powered Car, which are endowed with backward technology, environmental pollution, safety problems, management chaos and quality problems.
All kinds of electric car subsidy policy, all low-speed 4 Seater Battery Powered Car have no share.
Ironically, the high speed 4 Seater Battery Powered Car subsidized by the state with a large amount of money, gave a large number of policies, and paid a huge cost to the government. The sales volume is still very small.
On the other hand, the so-called backward low-speed 4 Seater Battery Powered Car in rural towns and villages in the third - and fourth-tier cities savage growth.
In the absence of subsidies, policies and restrictions everywhere, sales far exceed those of high-speed 4 Seater Battery Powered Car, and exports to Europe generate foreign exchange to earn foreign money.
Where is the truth?
Pride and prejudice have led many people to misunderstand low-speed 4 Seater Battery Powered Car.
Are low-speed electric cars lagging behind?
It has long been a misconception to move a low-speed electric car closer to the car and use the car's parameters to drive it.
It's true that low-speed electric cars are very simple compared to cars, but that doesn't mean they're behind.
Because the market of low-speed 4 Seater Battery Powered Car is not the mainstream market of cars, but the rural market of towns and cities.
The function of short distance travel is now completed by bicycle, motorcycle and tricycle. The low speed electric vehicle with low price and cost gives the ordinary people who are not rich enough a more comfortable travel experience, because even the low cost economy car is not negligible.
Is it a form of backwardness?
In addition, in 1998, the national traffic safety administration of the U.S. department of transportation issued the safety standards for low-speed vehicles, and the European Union has the standards of L6E and L7E.
Therefore, the so - called backward technology is not worth refuting, only the most suitable technology, there is no best technology.
Low speed 4 Seater Battery Powered Car cause environmental pollution?
Because of the price of lithium-ion batteries, low-speed 4 Seater Battery Powered Car mostly use lead-acid batteries, which is also an important excuse for the opposition to attack low-speed 4 Seater Battery Powered Car.
Lead acid battery lead pollution is really not to be underestimated.
But the problem is not the lead-acid battery itself, but management.
Because lead-acid batteries are free of contamination in use, especially with maintenance-free colloidal batteries.
Pollution appears in two links, one is low-level small workshop production, the other is illegal recycling, with low-level combustion recovery.
And both are management issues, not the original sin of lead-acid batteries.
On the small pure electric vehicle innovation BBS organized by first electric network, zhou jianzhong, chairman of the larger domestic lead-acid battery supplier tianneng group, said that the utilization rate of the spent lead-acid battery recycled by external institutions reached 98 percent.
That said, for regulated businesses, lead acid battery recycling pollution is small and profitable.
When chatting, liu gang, deputy director of the economic research institute of nankai university, said he went to the basic level when doing research. Tianneng built the recycling site of lead-acid batteries at the village level.
On the low-speed electric vehicle side, the government has a clear policy to require the electric vehicle manufacturers to recycle the batteries and ensure that the waste batteries do not flow into workshops and pollute the environment. The government's subsidy is linked to the battery recycling, which prompts the electric vehicle manufacturers to assume the responsibility of recycling.
If the battery factory, electric vehicle factory recycling in place, lead acid battery recycling, but is relatively small battery pollution.
The heavy metal content of lithium battery is low, but the problem of lithium battery recycling has not been solved up to now. Once discarded after the life, the damage is even greater than that of lead acid battery.
In fact, the biggest pollution source of lead-acid batteries is the traditional fuel vehicles. The recycling of lead-acid batteries in fuel vehicles has not been scaled up or taken seriously. The waste batteries are sold to small workshops for combustion and recycling, causing serious environmental pollution, which is a big problem.
The recycling mode of the low-speed electric car is exactly what the fuel car should learn.
Is the low-speed electric car unsafe?
This problem should be divided into two parts, CCTV 315 exposed workshop assembly of low-speed 4 Seater Battery Powered Car without standards, of course, is not safe.
And the safety of the low speed electric car that formal enterprise produces is not a problem.
In Europe and the United States, low-speed 4 Seater Battery Powered Car have their own safety standards, reflected in the brakes, lights, steering lights, rearview mirrors, seat belts and other things, without the car crash requirements.
Because the low-speed electric vehicle drives on the road of speed limit, the driver can react in time commonly, occurrence accident also is scratches more, euramerican country thinks low-speed electric vehicle has these safety measures to be enough.
In China, some regular low-speed 4 Seater Battery Powered Car are designed according to the automobile safety standards. The research and development cost of the car body is also one hundred million yuan, which is still spent on the development of the mature car body.
You can compare the prince of tang jun and prince of haima, tang jun's low-speed electric car is also a cage body, there is also a high strength steel to do 3H reinforcement, and is also sent to do the collision test has three star level.
While in use, low-speed electric cars running at 40 KPH to 50 KPH are much less likely to encounter accidents than comparable fuel vehicles running at 100 KPH and 120 KPH.
The speed and kinetic energy are square, the speed difference is three times, the kinetic energy difference is nine times, the same structure strength, the driver wants safety nine times.
Is the low-speed electric car of poor quality?
The afternoon schedule of BBS for small pure electric car is to visit tangjun factory. We start from stamping workshop, and look at welding, painting and final assembly one by one. It is no different from cars.
To say the difference, the low-speed electric car assembly is much simpler than the car, a few steps down, a car installed, can open factory building, this is the inherent advantage of the structure.
In the process of test drive and travel, except for speed (50kph), the driving and riding experience are basically the same as A0.
It's just the sound of the engine turning into the sound of the motor.
Viewed from the outside, the same suspension of the front macpherson rear torque beam, the same brakes on the front and rear drums, you can barely see the difference with the A0.
From the interior, the instrument panel is different from the gear stick (only forward, back, stop three) and the same as the fuel truck.
The small editor's point is that the quality problem is similar to the safety problem, which is the individual problem of non-standard manufacturers, not the whole low-speed electric car problem.
The quality problem of low-speed 4 Seater Battery Powered Car also needs to eliminate non-standard manufacturers, to support the standard manufacturers to solve, rather than a stick to beat the low-speed 4 Seater Battery Powered Car to death.
Reflection: where does chaos come from?
At the 315 international consumer rights day gala, the chaos of low-speed 4 Seater Battery Powered Car was exposed: haphazard assembly, safety and quality were not guaranteed.
As a matter of fact, there has not been a complete technical standard or specification for low-speed 4 Seater Battery Powered Car in China.
It clearly meets the needs of the Chinese market, but there is no standard for technical specifications, manufacturing standards and road approval, and there is no standard for manufacturing enterprises to follow.
In the United States and Europe, where the auto industry is more developed, there are clear rules for small cars of the low-speed electric range.
In the United States, for example, low-speed vehicles are required to be equipped with headlights, forward and backward turning lights, tail lights, brake lights, luminous signs, rearview mirrors, stationary brakes, windshields, vehicle identification codes, and seat belt assemblies, which allow them to travel on roads with a speed limit of 56 kilometers.
At the same time that safety standards were issued, the United States explained why they were designed to allow low-speed vehicles to travel on some public roads with minimal safety equipment.
In addition, the United States has also formulated the management method of the license plate, driver qualification certification, vehicle production standards, detailed regulations of technical indicators, test methods, insurance policies, etc., to standardize this low-speed electric vehicle with low price, low use cost and no air pollution.
Therefore, one of the reasons for the current situation of low-speed 4 Seater Battery Powered Car is government management.
No rules, no compass.
From another aspect, the low-speed electric vehicle has a certain substitution relation with the entry-level vehicle, which also involves the entanglement of interests.
In the industrial chain of low-speed 4 Seater Battery Powered Car, battery manufacturers, motor manufacturers, power departments, low-speed electric vehicle manufacturers are beneficiaries.
And in the automobile industry chain, besides the enterprises on the automobile manufacturing chain, the petroleum and petrochemical sector is also the biggest beneficiary.
A starter car costs about 700-800 yuan a month to run on gas, while a low-speed electric car costs only 100-200 yuan (battery replacement costs are charged separately).
The interest entanglement between petroleum and electric power enterprises is another reason why it is difficult to develop low-speed 4 Seater Battery Powered Car and even the whole electric vehicle industry.
Low-speed 4 Seater Battery Powered Car are actually a strategic thing for China. First, they can reduce oil consumption and protect national energy security.
Second, we can save power and use the power that is wasted in the valley.
Third, it can solve employment and drive industrial chain to develop economy;
Fourth, improve the quality of life of low-income people, so that they can enjoy better travel experience with less money.
But at present, there are many problems in the low-speed 4 Seater Battery Powered Car, and the management problem is the most prominent.
What we should do is to strengthen management, formulate standards and norms, support standardized enterprises, and eliminate the closure of non-standard workshops.
Lead acid battery recycling 100% to avoid pollution problems.
As long as the management keeps up, the low-speed electric car as China's national car has a lot to do.
From the perspective of automobile industry, in the price range of low-speed 4 Seater Battery Powered Car, international giants can hardly compete with Chinese enterprises in terms of cost, and the market share will be mostly divided by self-owned brands, which helps the self-owned brands to become bigger and stronger.
With the development of battery technology and the popularization of charging infrastructure, low-speed 4 Seater Battery Powered Car can be developed step by step. Meanwhile, they can also promote the construction of charging infrastructure and seize the initiative in the transformation from fuel vehicles to 4 Seater Battery Powered Car
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