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Common Batteries of Two Seater Electric Car
- Sep 14, 2018 -

Common Electric Vehicle' Batteries

Commonly used electric vehicle batteries are Lead acid, Nickel metal hydride, Lithium ion etc.

Electric vehicles usually use lithium-ion batteries nowadays, and use lots of them to make a battery pack that can store enough electricity.

  • Lead acid battery

Traditionally electric vehicle have used Lead acid battery due to their matured technology and low cost. But life of deep cycle lead acid battery is lower than that of other battery types. Life span of lead acid battery is around 2 to 3 years.

  • Nickel metal hydride battery

Nickel metal hydride batteries are long life batteries compared to lead acid battery. They are considered as a matured battery technology now. Energy density is more in Nickel metal hydride batteries. Even though the charging and discharging efficiency is lower than that of lead acid battery, Nickel metal hydride batteries position at the top with their long life and energy density suitable for electric and hybrid electric vehicles.

  • Lithium Ion battery

Lithium ion batteries are the most common batteries used in recent electric vehicles. High energy density, power density and charging efficiency are the advantages of Lithium ion battery. Energy density of 200 Wh/kg and more than 85% of charge/discharge efficiency makes Lithium ion battery suitable for electric vehicle. Weight of the vehicle significantly reduces due to the above mentioned advantages of battery. But life of lithium ion battery is not that impressive. It ranges to a few 1000 charging cycles.